How to Do Real Estate Appraisal in Nigeria -
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How to Do Real Estate Appraisal in Nigeria

Sodiq J. Sodiq J.
September 18, 2023
Real estate
How to Do Real Estate Appraisal in Nigeria


How to Do Real Estate Appraisal in Nigeria

Do you know in real estate, understanding property's value is one of the most important things? It might be easy for people in other countries, but the process may have some loopholes in Nigeria. Today, we'll discuss the essence of appraisal in estate management and explore Nigeria's predominant property valuation methods. It doesn't matter if you're an investor, a property owner, or someone who wants to try a career in estate management; this knowledge is pivotal.

What is Appraisal in Estate Management?

In estate management, an appraisal is figuring out a property's worth. Think of it as assigning a monetary value to a property or a building. In Nigeria, as in any other country, it is an essential step before making any financial decisions about real estate. Think about attempting to sell a home before knowing its true value or applying for a loan before the asset being leveraged has been sufficiently valued. Trying to pilot a ship without a compass would be analogous.

This process includes examining the actual property and accounting for outside factors. For instance, we examine the property's history, the economy's state, and market trends. The ultimate objective is to determine a fair value that reflects the market.

Methods of Property Valuation in Nigeria

1. Comparative Sales Method: Often, especially for residential homes, the initial decision entails comparing the property to similar ones recently sold in the area. Size, condition, location, and other aspects are considered before adjusting. So, if you're valuing a three-bedroom house in Lagos, you'd look at recent sales of comparable houses in the same neighborhood.

2. Income Capitalization Approach: This strategy is ideal for business buildings that generate income. It calculates the present value of a property after estimating its future income. For example, if you own an office building, we would look at the rental income of similar properties to determine its value.

3. Cost Approach: The emphasis here is on replacing the property. We take into account the land value as well as the depreciated worth of any renovations or structures. This method is especially beneficial for appraising unusual assets or those with historical significance when comparable transactions are unavailable.

4. Residual Method: This approach assesses the worth of possible development projects by deducting the development cost from the anticipated market value of the completed project. If you're looking at a plot of land and visualizing a high-rise, this method can estimate its future value.

5. Profit Method: Suitable for commercial properties like hotels or theatres. It calculates value based on the prospective profit it can generate. This is an important strategy if you are considering investing in a boutique hotel in Abuja.


Knowing and applying real estate appraisal standards in Nigeria might make the difference between a wise investment and a lost chance. Even if the tactics we've discussed are extensive, remember that many things impact the real estate market. It's always a good idea to consult an expert to acquire a suitable appraisal. With this knowledge, we hope you will approach property appraisal more assuredly and positively. Happy appraising!

Blog authors

Sodiq J.
Sodiq J.
successful businesses start with small steps but big ideas and I find great pleasure in putting into context and wordings profitable and feasible business ideas and agricultural practices in nigeria