Top 10 Highest Agricultural Producing States in Nigeria -

Top 10 Highest Agricultural Producing States in Nigeria

Sodiq J. Sodiq J.
April 05, 2023
Top 10 Highest Agricultural Producing States in Nigeria


Top 10 Highest Agricultural Producing States in Nigeria

For a nation's economy to thrive, it must have a reliable and productive agricultural sector. Nigeria is one of the largest economies in Africa, but how are its states fairing agriculturally? In this article, we'll discuss the top 10 highest agricultural-producing states in Nigeria.

Nigeria has various topographical regions which support different kinds of farming activities. The northern region is flat with abundant sunlight and soil suitable for crop farming, while the south has tropical rain forests making it conducive for livestock and forestry production.

No matter what your interest in agriculture may be, you’re sure to find something in Nigeria. So which states have embraced their conditions to become the pros of agricultural production? Here are the top 10 highest agricultural-producing states in Nigeria.

Top 10 Farming States in Nigeria

1. Benue

benue farming

Benue is one of the highest agricultural-producing states in Nigeria. It is located in the middle belt region and has a total land area of 34,059 square kilometers. The state has a tropical climate with two distinct seasons: wet and dry. This makes it suitable for both crop and livestock farming.

The major crops grown in Benue are yam, cassava, maize, rice, sorghum, millet, and groundnuts. The state also produces a variety of livestock, such as cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, and poultry.

The Benue State government has invested heavily in the agricultural sector in recent years. It has provided farmers access to new technologies and practices. Also, the government offers financial incentives to help farmers buy fertilizers, seeds, and machinery. These efforts have helped Benue remain one of Nigeria’s most productive agricultural states.

2. Taraba

Taraba is another top agricultural-producing state in Nigeria. Located in the Northeast region of Nigeria, the state has rich agricultural resources. The state produces maize, rice, yam, cassava, groundnuts, beans, sorghum, and livestock such as cattle, sheep, and goats.

Maize is one of the most important crops grown in Taraba, providing food for humans and animals. Millet is also a major crop grown in the state, as it can be used to make porridge or flour for bread.

Sorghum is another important crop grown in Taraba, as it can be used to make beer or other beverages. Cowpea is also widely cultivated in Taraba, providing protein-rich food for humans and animals.

The government of Taraba State has been working to promote the development of the agricultural sector. Taraba State Governor, Darius Ishaku, has recently announced plans to create teamwork between farmers and herders in the state. This move aims to boost Taraba's economy by focusing on agriculture as its main source of income.

The governor flagged off the distribution of farm inputs and sales of fertilizer to farmers across the state to encourage more people to engage in agricultural activities. Ishaku also noted that this initiative would help reduce poverty levels in the state and create more job opportunities.

3. Oyo 

oyo agriculture

Oyo is also one of the top 10 agricultural-producing states in Nigeria. Most of the population in Oyo State makes a living primarily through agriculture, as it takes up more than 70% of the state's workforce. This is due to its favorable climatic and ecological conditions, vast agricultural land mass estimated at 28,000 sq km, and soil structures.

Oyo State is well-suited for agricultural production due to its diverse climate and environment. It has abundant rainfall throughout the year, which helps to sustain crop production. Also, it has fertile soils that can support various crops such as maize, cassava, yam, and plantain.

Furthermore, numerous irrigation systems help farmers get water during dry seasons when rain is scarce. All these factors make Oyo State an ideal location for agricultural production.

4. Kaduna

kaduna state agriculture farming

A great place to establish a farm due to the abundance of experience and knowledge available, this location is unbeatable. Kaduna has a long-standing farming culture passed down through generations of farmers. This gives the state an advantage regarding large-scale farming operations, as the infrastructure is already in place.

Kaduna State produces many different crops, including millet and groundnuts. These are all important staples in Nigerian diets and are grown on a large scale throughout the state. Also, farmers have taken advantage of this abundance of resources by setting up successful farms that produce high yields of these crops. This has helped make Kaduna one of the top farming states in Nigeria and has allowed its citizens to benefit from the economic opportunities that come with successful agriculture.

5. Niger

Niger State is one of the most important agricultural producers in Nigeria. With a wide population, most of them make their living from farming. This state contributes significantly to the country's food supply, with its climate and soils being ideal for agriculture.

The farmers in Niger State can produce high-quality crops due to the favorable climate and soil conditions. They have access to modern technology, such as tractors and irrigation systems, that help them maximize their yields. Furthermore, the government of Niger State has taken steps to ensure that its agricultural sector remains strong and productive. They have implemented various initiatives, such as improved credit access and farmers' subsidies.

Additionally, they have invested in infrastructure such as irrigation systems and storage facilities which help farmers increase their yields and reduce losses due to spoilage or theft. These efforts have helped ensure that Niger State remains an important food source for Nigeria and beyond.

6. Ogun

ogun state

Ogun State, located in the Southwest region of Nigeria, is a popular destination for agro-allied investment. This is due to its favorable climate, rich soil, and abundant water resources.

The government of Ogun State has been working to promote the development of the agricultural sector. They have provided infrastructure and supported small-scale farmers. Additionally, the state has a large and growing agricultural product market. Thus, making it an attractive destination for agro-allied investment.

In recent years, there has been significant investment in developing agro-processing industries in Ogun State. These include the production of animal feeds, fruit juices, and other processed foods. The state is also home to several large-scale agro-allied companies. Thus, contributing to the agricultural sector's growth and the local economy's development.

7. Yobe

Yobe is renowned for its cotton production, making it one of Nigeria's top 10 agricultural producers. Cotton is an essential crop for the country's textile and clothing industry, and Yobe produces a large percentage of Nigeria's total output. This has become a major source of employment and income for Nigerians.

The government of Yobe has taken steps to ensure that its cotton production remains strong. It has invested heavily in infrastructure to improve yields and quality. It has also provided training and support to farmers so they can maximize their profits from cotton production. These efforts have paid off, as Yobe continues to be one of the most important states in producing cotton in Nigeria.

8. Jigawa

Jigawa is one of the top 10 agricultural producers in Nigeria, with a wide variety of crops grown in the state. The most important crops are maize, sorghum, millet, groundnuts, and cowpeas. These are all staples in the Nigerian diet and provide much-needed nutrition to its citizens.

The Jigawa state government has taken a bold step towards transforming the state from subsistence farming to commercial agriculture by introducing the cluster farming initiative.

Under the proposed structure, 287 clusters will be set up in the 27 local government areas of the state to serve as demonstration farms. Farmers in each cluster, organized according to farm size, operate over a 50-hectare area; this cluster consists of 20 to 30 farmers.

Also, the four target crops identified for this initiative are rice, groundnuts, sesame, and soya beans, which are believed to be areas of competitive advantage for Jigawa State.

Governor Badaru Abubakar is leading this effort to boost food production and diversify its economic base through cluster farming techniques. And this initiative is expected to significantly improve agricultural productivity and create more employment opportunities for rural dwellers in Jigawa State.

9. Kwara

Kwara State in Nigeria is a great place for investors to consider when looking to invest in agriculture. The state has an array of incentives for those ready to invest, and the vision for agriculture in Kwara is focused on sustainable value addition in the local economy through a vibrant value chain. This means that investors can be sure their investments will positively impact the local economy.

Kwara State is also rich in fertile soil, making it suitable for agricultural activities. It has access to the mighty River Niger, one of the biggest rivers on the African continent. This makes it an ideal location for agricultural production, as ample resources are available to support crop growth and animal husbandry.

Furthermore, with its strategic location close to major cities such as Lagos and Abuja, Kwara State is well-positioned to take advantage of regional markets and export opportunities. All these factors make Kwara State an attractive destination for investors looking to invest in agriculture.

10. Cross River

Cross River State is the last on our list of the top 10 agricultural-producing states in Nigeria. It is a vibrant part of Nigeria located in the South-Eastern region. Also, it is home to many different cultures and has plenty of natural resources, including fertile soils.

Cross River has been an acclaimed agricultural center in Nigeria for many years, thanks to its abundant resources. The state is a major producer of cocoa, palm oil, rubber, and other tropical crops that grow on large plantations and small farms throughout the state. The climate and soils are ideal for these crops, allowing them to thrive.


In conclusion, the top 10 agricultural-producing states in Nigeria are listed above. These states have taken bold steps to increase agricultural productivity by introducing cluster farming initiatives and providing incentives to investors. They are also blessed with abundant natural resources, making them ideal locations for agricultural production. With the right investments and policies, these states can continue contributing to Nigeria's agricultural sector.

Blog authors

Sodiq J.
Sodiq J.
successful businesses start with small steps but big ideas and I find great pleasure in putting into context and wordings profitable and feasible business ideas and agricultural practices in nigeria