Is there a Property Tax in Nigeria? -
Real estate

Is there a Property Tax in Nigeria?

Sodiq J. Sodiq J.
September 19, 2023
Real estate
Is there a Property Tax in Nigeria?


Is there a Property Tax in Nigeria?

Federal, state, and municipal levels of government oversee Nigeria's complex taxation system. Although each state has its revenue board for collecting state taxes, the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) is primarily in charge of collecting federal taxes. Local governments also collect taxes and levies. Let’s break down property tax in Nigeria in this post.

Property Tax in Nigeria

In Nigeria, the Internal Revenue Service of each state is in charge of regulating property taxes. In exchange for the ownership and use of land and buildings, property owners must pay this tax, known as "Tenement Rates" in other regions of Nigeria and as "Land Use Charge" in Lagos.

States may have different rates and ways of determining them. On the other hand, the tax frequently considers the property's location, size, and usage (commercial or residential). And evading property taxes may result in fines or perhaps legal action.

What are the Types of Taxes in Nigeria?

  • Federal tax: Known as the "Company Income Tax," it is levied against companies doing business in Nigeria. They take a portion, typically 30%, of the company's income.

  • Personal Income Tax: This is an individual state tax. The Pay-As-You-Earn (PAYE) system is generally familiar to those who earn a living through employment. It is how individuals like you and I pay our taxes.

  • Value Added Tax (VAT): A charge placed by the government on products and services. In this scenario, businesses serve as intermediaries, obtaining funds from common folks and transferring them to the government.

  • Petroleum Profit Tax: This tax on petroleum profits is only for the top oil and gas sector players. It is a federal tax that contributes significantly to Nigeria's national budget.

  • Customs Duties: When products enter or depart Nigeria, they are subject to these import and export tariffs. The Nigerian Customs Service is acting as the tax collector in this instance.

  • Capital Gains Tax: You must pay a tax to the federal government if you sell assets like stocks or real estate for a sizable profit. It normally amounts to 10% of your revenue.

  • Stamp Duties: These are federal levies imposed when official seals are needed for documents like contracts and agreements. It resembles the government giving its blessing.

  • Withholding Tax: Have you ever noticed that a piece of a service payment was missing? The withholding tax is that. It is gathered up front from suppliers, much like a down payment on income tax.

  • Local Taxes and Levies: Local governments impose their own taxes, like annoying vehicle park charges and market taxes.


Whether you are a small business or a major corporation, understanding the tax code is essential. However, the tax situation could change with reforms and all that stuff. Therefore, having a tax professional familiar with Nigerian tax laws is a good option if navigating this tax maze. They can help you avoid trouble with the taxman and prevent tax issues.

Blog authors

Sodiq J.
Sodiq J.
successful businesses start with small steps but big ideas and I find great pleasure in putting into context and wordings profitable and feasible business ideas and agricultural practices in nigeria