How Does Car Insurance Work in Nigeria -

How Does Car Insurance Work in Nigeria

Sodiq J. Sodiq J.
March 17, 2023
How Does Car Insurance Work in Nigeria

 Insurance is an important part of owning and driving a car in Nigeria. It helps protect you, your passengers, and other drivers from financial loss if you are involved in an accident. In Nigeria, car insurance is offered by insurance companies and brokers. But how does car insurance work in Nigeria?

How Does Car Insurance Work in Nigeria

Car insurance works by providing financial protection against any unexpected losses that may arise as a result of an accident. The insurance company will cover the costs of repairing or replacing your car and medical bills if you are injured in an accident. In addition, car insurance may also provide coverage for property damage, theft, and liability claims.

This article will cover how car insurance works in Nigeria and the basics of car insurance in Nigeria, including types of coverage, policy limits, and the claims process.

How Does Car Insurance Work in Nigeria?

Car insurance in Nigeria is like car insurance in other countries. In Nigeria, third-party liability car insurance is mandatory by law. Thus, all drivers must have this type of insurance to operate a vehicle on public roads legally.

To buy car insurance in Nigeria, drivers can contact insurance companies directly. They can also go through licensed insurance brokers. Insurance companies may need certain documents, such as a driver's license.

Also, car insurance premiums in Nigeria are typically calculated based on several factors. These include the type of insurance policy, the vehicle's age and model, the insured driver's driving history, and the driver's location.

In an accident, the insured driver should contact their insurance company immediately. Then, the insurance company will send a claims adjuster to check the damage. Afterward, they will determine the appropriate amount of compensation to be paid to the insured driver.

Types of Car Insurance in Nigeria

1. Third-Party Insurance

Third-party insurance is a type of automobile insurance that covers damages and losses caused to third parties by your vehicle. It's the most basic form of car insurance, as it doesn't cover any damage to your property or health. The primary purpose of third-party insurance is to protect innocent bystanders who might be involved in an accident if you're at fault.

Most third-party policies do not cover claims involving drunk driving or driving without a valid driver's license. It also does not include coverage for damage caused to someone else due to fire, burglary, theft, natural disasters, animals, or objects beyond a certain weight limit. However, third-party insurance is generally required by law in most states and can help protect yourself and those around you from financial trouble in the aftermath of an accident.

The advantages of third-party insurance are that it offers comprehensive coverage for minimal cost. The lower premiums make this a cost-effective purchase, allowing you to enjoy peace of mind when driving on Nigerian roads without breaking the bank. It also gives you financial protection should something unfortunate happen and a claim needs to be made.

2. Comprehensive Insurance

Comprehensive insurance protects a driver against all auto-related damages or losses, including damage due to third-party negligence. This policy will typically cover any physical damage an insured vehicle sustains in an accident, regardless of whether the other driver was at fault.

Comprehensive coverage will also provide coverage if the car is vandalized or suffers from weather-related damages such as hail, fire, and falling objects. Furthermore, comprehensive insurance can extend to civil disturbances such as a riot that causes damage to your vehicle.

Comprehensive car insurance covers more than just accidents and third-party liabilities – it can even help when there's damage caused by something like animals running into your car. Also, it includes theft protection for your vehicle and reimbursement for expenses related to replacing stolen items inside your vehicle. With this kind of coverage, you don't have to worry about unexpected problems and finances putting you out of luck.

Having comprehensive insurance coverage can be incredibly beneficial. The most obvious advantage of comprehensive insurance is its wider range of coverage, offering protection for you and your car and potential payments to third parties in case of an accident. This significantly lowers your financial responsibility when it comes to an accident.

Moreover, comprehensive insurance policies often include add-ons like engine protection and breakdown cover. These extra benefits provide added layers of assurance and peace of mind in times when all you can think about is getting back on the road again as quickly as possible. Furthermore, comprehensive insurance may also include uninsured driver protection. So, you won't have to shoulder the entire cost for damages if someone who doesn't have car insurance hits you or causes damage to your vehicle.

3. Collision Insurance

Collision insurance provides financial protection for drivers responsible for accidents due to their fault. For instance, if you get into a car accident and it is determined to be your fault, then collision insurance will cover the cost of the repair or replacement of your car up to the policy limits. In addition, if another vehicle or object is responsible for the accident, collision insurance may also provide liability protection.

While it can provide valuable peace of mind in these cases, it’s important to realize that collision coverage typically only covers direct costs associated with damage done to a vehicle. Thus, it may not reimburse you fully if higher costs incurred from lost time work occurs due to damages sustained from an at-fault accident.

How Much is Third-Party Car Insurance in Nigeria?

Third-party car insurance in Nigeria is generally affordable, making it an attractive option for drivers who want to save on their premiums. The exact cost of third-party car insurance in Nigeria depends on numerous factors, such as the type of vehicle, the driver’s age and experience, and the insurance coverage.

On average, third-party car insurance in Nigeria can cost anywhere from N15,000 to N30,000 per year for a basic plan. You can also upgrade your policy to include additional coverage options such as personal injury protection or uninsured motorist protection for an additional premium.


Car insurance is an important part of owning and driving a vehicle in Nigeria. By understanding the different types of coverage available, drivers can make informed decisions about their insurance needs. They can also ensure they are adequately protected against financial losses due to accidents or other unforeseen events.

Blog authors

Sodiq J.
Sodiq J.
successful businesses start with small steps but big ideas and I find great pleasure in putting into context and wordings profitable and feasible business ideas and agricultural practices in nigeria