How to Start a Small Fast Food Business in Nigeria -

How to Start a Small Fast Food Business in Nigeria

Sodiq J. Sodiq J.
March 24, 2023
How to Start a Small Fast Food Business in Nigeria

How to Start a Small Fast Food Business in Nigeria

Opening a restaurant business can be an exciting and profitable venture. In Nigeria, restaurants are among the most lucrative businesses to open as there is no shortage of customers for food. People eat daily, and with busy lifestyles, buying meals from a restaurant is often easier than cooking at home. With a limitless target market, a well-planned restaurant business should experience plenty of sales. If you're interested in starting a fast food business in Nigeria, you're at the right place. This article discusses how to start a small fast-food business in Nigeria.

Aside from being a great money-making venture, eating at a restaurant also benefits health. The human body needs food to function properly and sustain itself. Without fuel, cars won't run, and our bodies will become weak without the necessary nutrition from food. This makes restaurants important sources of strength to the countless numbers who consume its offerings daily. Food also provides essential nutrients that help increase energy levels throughout the day while being an excellent social marker when brought into shared spaces like restaurants.

How to Start a Small Fast Food Business in Nigeria

1. Write a Plan

Like any new business, a fast food business needs a business plan. A restaurant business plan has sections covering all the aspects of the new business, from concept to financials. Thus,  you must have an in-depth understanding of your business. You must also be able to provide evidence for potential investors that demonstrate their venture will be successful.

An effective business plan should begin with an executive summary that contains a general overview of the concept, specifics about operation costs, goals, and resources required. After this, include a detailed description of the target market and an analysis of similar competitors in the area. It is also important to include marketing strategies for attracting customers.

Lastly, comprehensive financials are necessary, ranging from projections three to five years into the future. All this information presents your vision to potential investors and is critical proof when raising capital funding.

2. Create Your Food Menu

A menu is essential when starting a food business, as you can't cook every food. Yet, while planning, choose items you’re passionate about, not just what is trendy. You should consider the type of service you want to provide and the type of customer demographic you hope to attract.

If you like to feature gourmet food, you should buy equipment and supplies that will help create the perfect final product. 

You must also find experienced chefs and servers who understand working with certain style menus and ingredients. For example, if amala is your specialty, you need chefs skilled in turning the stirrer. Understanding the needs of each dish on your menu will ensure that your customers receive quality food they won’t forget.

3. Choose a Suitable Location

One of the most important steps is deciding which location to lease; finding a space to draw in customers and support your business goals is critical. With this in mind, you must research rental rates, local zoning laws, and building requirements to make an educated decision before signing any agreements.

Apart from the location, another factor for success is having the right commercial kitchen equipment. Buying food service equipment and supplies online can be a great way to save money and time. Online retailers typically have competitive prices on a wide range of products from various manufacturers and can often help with delivery logistics.

How Profitable is the Fast Food Business in Nigeria?

How Profitable is the Fast Food Business in Nigeria?

The fast food industry in Nigeria is an incredibly profitable sector, estimated to be worth over a trillion Naira due to its viability and growth.

Despite obstacles like financial limitations and constantly evolving social and economic conditions., the industry remains successful.

This could be attributed to the growing trends of young urban dwellers who prefer a fast-paced lifestyle and turn to quick-service restaurants for their meals.

To add on, statistics from the National Bureau of Statistics say that in 2019, Nigerians spent N4.598 trillion on take-outs which constitute 20% of total spending.

However, not everyone starting a business within this industry can remain operational due to entrepreneurs' various challenges. In addition, competition has become tough, with leading brands increasing their presence in Nigerian cities and towns through aggressive marketing strategies. Thus, it's more difficult for smaller businesses to compete within this market segment.

Which Food Business is Most Profitable in Nigeria?

1. Baked Food

Baked goods have become a go-to for any special event or holiday celebration. They are luxurious treat sand, and we can find them in almost every grocery store and bakery worldwide. The global baking industry is estimated to make over $30 billion annually, showing how popular baked goods have become. This evergreen industry provides many opportunities for entrepreneurs, from small startups to large bakeries.

2. Rice

Rice is one of the most popular and profitable food businesses in Nigeria. It can be an accompaniment to various dishes or as the main course. Rice is a staple ingredient in many Nigerian households, and its versatility allows for creative cooking ideas. Whichever rice style you choose, you can be sure there is always a ready market for it.

3. Snack Food

Snack foods are popular in Nigeria due to their convenience and affordability. Whether it is popcorn, chips, nuts, or other items, snack food businesses have the potential to make huge profits in this country. Many Nigerians love to indulge in these treats as an afternoon snack or for a quick bite. Setting up a snack food business requires minimal investment, and is relatively easy to manage.


Starting a small fast-food business in Nigeria is an incredibly rewarding venture. With the right location, commercial kitchen equipment, and food items that appeal to local customers, you can easily establish a successful business. 

Blog authors

Sodiq J.
Sodiq J.
successful businesses start with small steps but big ideas and I find great pleasure in putting into context and wordings profitable and feasible business ideas and agricultural practices in nigeria