Top 10 Most Profitable Farming Businesses in Nigeria -

Top 10 Most Profitable Farming Businesses in Nigeria

Sodiq J. Sodiq J.
March 17, 2023
Top 10 Most Profitable Farming Businesses in Nigeria

Agriculture is an essential source of income for numerous individuals in Nigeria. Many youths have been eyeing the several benefits of farming and trying to venture into it. Do you want to start a farming business in Nigeria but need help knowing where to begin? Then look no further! This article has looked into Nigeria's top 10 most profitable farming businesses.

Top 10 Most Profitable Farming Businesses in Nigeria

Agriculture has consistently been one of Nigeria's largest contributors to GDP. It is estimated that over 70% of the population is engaged in agricultural activity. Also, with the increasing demand for food and rising incomes coupled with a favorable climate, there is excellent scope for farms to grow their revenues increasingly profitably.

If you want to invest your money into something that could provide profitable returns, then starting a farming business could be the right choice. On this list, we will discuss some of Nigeria's most profitable farming businesses with the potential for growth and success. Read on!

1. Plantain Farming

plantain farm

Plantain farming in Nigeria is very profitable due to the high demand for this nutritious food. They are rich in vitamins A, B, and C and other important nutrients. So, it's an ideal choice for many Nigerians looking for a healthy and nutritious meal. Additionally, plantains are relatively easy to grow and need minimal maintenance compared to other crops.

The Nigerian market is also very receptive to plantain farming. Enough buyers are looking for fresh produce from local farmers, making it easier to sell your produce at a good price. Furthermore, with the right marketing strategies, you can easily reach out to more potential customers and increase your profits even further. With all these factors combined, it is no wonder why plantain farming in Nigeria is so profitable.

Yet, investing in plantain farming requires careful market analysis to ensure maximum profits. As a farmer, you must consider factors such as land availability when selecting the best location for your farm. Also, consider the cost of inputs such as fertilizers and pesticides for successful cultivation.

Lastly, you must research the local market to know the most profitable plantain varieties.

2. Maize Farming

maize farm

The maize farming business is one of the most profitable businesses in Nigeria due to its great return on investment. At harvest, one maize seed can produce up to 500 kernels. Therefore, it's a great choice for developing regions like Africa, where the sunlight is abundant and the soil can support a variety of crops.

Maize is also very resilient and can survive in different climatic conditions, making it an ideal crop for African farmers.

The potential for maize as a business opportunity is further enhanced by its ability to be used in many different ways. It can be used as food, feed, fuel, or even processed into other products such as bioplastics or ethanol. Thus, there are plenty of opportunities to make money from maize production and processing.

Yet, you must understand the basics of maize farming before getting started. The first step is selecting an appropriate farmland site. You should do this carefully, considering soil fertility, water availability, and climate factors. Once you have chosen the site, decide when to plant the maize. This will depend on the season and weather conditions in your area.

The next step is preparing the farmland or soil for planting. This includes tilling, fertilizing, and irrigating the land if necessary. After this, you must choose which variety of maize to grow based on your local market needs and preferences. Then, ascertain the plant population needed for optimal yield.

With these steps in mind, you can start maize farming in Nigeria!

3. Yam Farming

Yam farming is one of Nigeria's most popular and profitable agricultural businesses. It has been a major source of income for many farmers since before the oil discovery. Also, people consume yam everywhere, which is especially popular in Africa.

In Nigeria, yam production has been a major contributor to the economy and is an important part of the country's food security.

If you're interested in starting a yam farming business in Nigeria, there are several steps to take. First, you will need to find suitable land for cultivation and get the necessary permits from local authorities. You will also need to buy quality seeds or tubers and prepare the soil for planting.

After planting, you must provide adequate water and fertilizer for your crop and regularly watch its growth. After harvesting, store it properly until you can sell it or use it for consumption. With proper planning and dedication, yam farming can be lucrative in Nigeria.

4. Cocoa Farming

cocoa farm

One of the oldest and most lucrative agricultural operations worldwide is cocoa farming. Before the oil boom, cocoa was one of the main foreign exchange products in the Nigerian economy. Despite this, demand for cocoa remains high in the global market due to its essential role as an ingredient for chocolate and other beverages. So, it is easy to see why many farmers are turning to this crop as an investment.

Not only does cocoa have the potential to generate a large amount of money, but it also matures quickly compared to other crops. The improved variety of cocoa plants can mature in 18 months, allowing farmers to double their production in two years.

In Nigeria, the Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria provides access to high-yielding and disease-resistant varieties that can help maximize profits. These beans are early maturing and need less maintenance than traditional cocoa crops, which take four or five years to mature.

5. Palm Farming


Another profitable agricultural business in Nigeria is the palm farming business. Palm oil is one of the most important and widely used vegetable oils in the world, and it is from the fruit of oil palm trees. It is used for cooking, cosmetics, and even biofuel production.

The profits from oil palm farming can be quite much and can even double a farmer's income. This is why so many people are turning to this type of farming as an alternative source of income.

With the help of government agencies, farmers have access to resources that will help them maximize their profits. So, palm farming will continue to be a lucrative option.

6. Cassava Farming

cassava farm

Nigeria is home to many successful cassava farmers who benefit from this profitable farming business. The crop is highly resilient to floods and other extreme weather conditions. So, it's a great choice for those looking to invest in a reliable source of income.

Also, cassava can be grown on marginal lands unsuitable for other crops. Thus, allowing farmers to maximize their land use.

To ensure the success of cassava farming as a profitable business, you must take measures to protect against flooding. This includes building dikes or levees around fields, installing drainage systems, and planting trees along riversides to reduce erosion.

Moreover, you must invest in irrigation systems that can help provide a consistent water supply during dry periods. Taking these steps ensures that your investments in cassava farming will pay off in the long run.

7. Soya Beans Farming

Soybeans farming is a lucrative business opportunity in Nigeria and worldwide. The crop has many uses, making it an attractive option for local and international markets. In Nigeria, soybean production has a good comparative advantage of abundant land suitable for cultivation. This makes it an ideal choice for farmers looking to maximize their profits.

The business opportunities associated with soybeans farming are numerous. For a starter, you can sell their produce directly to local buyers or export it to other countries. Also, you can process the beans into oil or flour and then market these products locally or abroad.

Furthermore, you can use the by-products from processing, such as meals and hulls, for animal feed or fertilizer. These activities provide farmers with many ways to make money from soybeans farming.

8. Pepper and Tomatoes Farming

Tomatoes and pepper are a great source of nutrition and health benefits. They are an excellent source of vitamin C and beta-carotene, two essential nutrients for the body.

Besides their nutritional value, tomatoes and pepper also offer many financial benefits. Nigeria always has a market for tomatoes, making it a profitable crop for farmers. With proper care and attention, tomato farming can be a lucrative venture that yields high returns on investment.

Not only do farmers enjoy the sale of their products, but they also get to enjoy the delicious fruits of their labor!

Tomato and pepper farming offer health and financial advantages. So, they’re an attractive option if you want to start your farming business or supplement your income.

9. Rice Farming

Rice farming is a popular and profitable business in Nigeria. The country is the largest producer of rice in West Africa and one of the top producers in the world.

Rice farming offers many advantages, including high yields and low production costs. It’s also a relatively easy crop to grow, making it an ideal choice for those looking to start their own farming business.

Moreover, the Nigerian government has implemented various policies to encourage farmers to engage in rice production, such as providing access to credit facilities and subsidies on inputs like fertilizers and seeds.

10. Cashew Farming

Cashew farming is the last on our list of Nigeria's most profitable farming businesses. Cashew is a popular crop in the country, and it's known for its high-value products.

Additionally, cashew nuts are highly sought after in both local and international markets, making it a lucrative business opportunity.


There are many profitable farming businesses in Nigeria. From soybeans to cashew nuts, farmers have plenty of options for maximizing their profits. With the right knowledge and resources, anyone can start a successful and profitable farming business in Nigeria.


Blog authors

Sodiq J.
Sodiq J.
successful businesses start with small steps but big ideas and I find great pleasure in putting into context and wordings profitable and feasible business ideas and agricultural practices in nigeria